. —, The Oregon Trail was American’s main street west. —, Cajon Pass, separating the San Bernardino and San Gabriel ranges, has long been an important natural gateway. . The main route ran through Nebraska, paralleling the Platte River. The official Company Journal of . Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. In 1836 she and Eliza Spalding, following the north side of the Platte on horseback, became the first white women to cross the American . It is traversed by Indian trails, emigrant routes, railroads, and a superhighway. —, Oregon-Mormon Trail . . . . —, Completed in 1843, the Mansion House was the second Nauvoo residence of Joseph Smith and his wife Emma. —, In 1841 church members were commanded to build two “houses,” a house for the Lord (the Nauvoo Temple) and a house for man to be known as the Nauvoo House. This led to tragic warfare and the eventual loss of country they had called their own. —, This Boulder commemorates the early travel upon the Mormon Trail through Kanseville, now Council Bluffs and is dedicated to the memory of the throngs who crossed Iowa in advance of settlements. But from South Pass to Oregon and . . . The West was new in the 19th Century, and hundreds of oxen- and mule-pulled covered wagons headed out there to see it. The trail over Rocky Ridge is approximately two miles long . . . Standing on the north side of the river some three miles southwest of present Central City, the tree was visible at great distance. . . . —, For thousands of Mormons, the great pioneer trail along the north bank of the Platte which paralleled the river about a mile south of here was an avenue of escape from persecution and a roadway to a new life. Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery made their first contact with Indians . . —, Historic Corridor 653 handcarts and 50 wagons. Orson Pratt's advance company reached here July 15, others following at . Illinois . Another company also went about half a mile up the river to make slabs or puncheons to lay on . Designated the Chimney Rock National Historic Site, Chimney Rock is one of the most famous and recognizable landmarks for pioneer travelers on the Oregon, California, and Mormon Trails, a symbol of the great western migration. Check out this fun interactive map! —, Graves were an all-to-frequent reminder of the dangers of overland travel. Oregon Trail - Oregon Trail - Missionaries, Mormons, and others: The first missionary group to the West left Independence in 1834. . These filters will replace previously applied filters. . Chimney Rock 2. Winter Quarters, established under the direction of the Mormon leader Brigham Young, sheltered more than 3,000 people during the winter of 1846-1847. . . —, From where you're standing South Pass doesn't look all that remarkable. . . In the "Ice Slough" . . Fulkerson was noted by forty-niner J.G. On April, 9, 1848, a plan was devised to cut a wagon trail through the uncharted Sierra Nevada frontier. In this vicinity a military-type organization was formed with Brigham Young, Lieutenant General; Stephen Markham, Colonel; John Pack and Shadrach . . . On a recent corner-to-corner drive across the state of Wyoming, I paralleled the Mormon Trail for about 200 miles: from where the trail intersects I-25 (about 80 miles north of Cheyenne), through Casper (site of the first Mormon ferry), along Wyoming 220 past Independence Rock, Devil’s Gate, and Martin’s Cove, then up US 287 past Split Rock to the Sixth Crossing of the Sweetwater River. . . Both companies encamped here over night and conferred at length regarding the route and the possibility of establishing and . —, Many travelers along the Oregon, California, and Mormon Pioneer trails relied on maps and reports made by explorers or guides who knew the way. —, Rebecca Winters, daughter of Gideon Burdick, a drummer boy in Washington’s army, was born in New York State in 1802. . While most of the attractions were close to the Platte river, others were scattered throughout the state. The granite peaks around you are mountains that rose, sank and then were buried in sand and ashy . By the 1860s, an exodus of more than 70,000 other Mormons followed this trail to their "New Zion." Fur trapper/trader William Sublette brought a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. —, This is the Place Monument, dedicated July 24, 1947, commemorates the arrival of the Mormon pioneers into the valley of the Great Salt Lake one hundred years before, and also the role of others—Spanish Catholic fathers, trappers and fur . . Of the many landmarks along the Oregon, California, and Mormon trails, this one is the most mentioned in a study of over 300 diaries and journals written by emigrants. . The Great Salt Lake . The survival of the large granite boulder used as the Fulkerson . . Another landmark found along the Mormon Trail is the Sweetwater River. Captain Willie left in . . —, In July 1844 the California bound Stevens-Townsend-Murphy wagon train, guided by Isaac Hitchcock and 81-year old Caleb Greenwood, passed this point and continued nine and one half miles southwest from here, to a place destined to become prominent in . —, From the late 1840s through the 1860s, an exodus of more than 70,000 Mormons passed by here on their way to their "New Zion" in Utah. Bored pioneers who thought they had seen everything along the trail quickly pulled out their diaries and journey and wrote exciting accounts. —, From the late 1840s through the 1860s, an exodus of more than 70,000 Mormons passed by here on their way to their "New Zion" in Utah. Mormon Pioneer Trail Historical Markers As many as 80,000 people migrated to Utah via the Mormon Pioneer Trail from 1847 until the Transcontinental Railroad was completed. “Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”. . Because of its unique shape, . Born in Preston, England, Aug. 24, 1806. Sweetwate… Many pioneer . Chimney Rock was one of the best-known landmarks on the Oregon and Mormon Trails. At the back on this floor, Bishop Newell K. Whitney had an office where people could pay their bills . . Most burials along the trail were hasty affairs. From Missouri to South Pass, emigrants were able to follow rivers. and Sixth Crossing From the West, visitors can select several dirt roads in Moapa Valley scaling the Western escarpment of the Mesa, providing impressive views of the surrounding Moapa Valley and the Red Rocks State Park on the horizon. The pathway to Oregon, California, and Salt Lake City was well established, and wagon ruts show exactly where these immigrants caravans were able to carve through the softer rock. —, Relations between emigrants using the trails and the Indians were inconsistent during the migration period. . Known as Kirtland Camp, the 515 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day . —, The North Platte River that we see today is considerably different than the river that the 1847 pioneer party had to cross. . This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mormon Trail across 20 in-depth pages. William Clayton provided early emigrants with a detailed written record of his travels. . Building upon American Indians footpaths, emigrants bound for the Pacific Northwest used the trail. —, This marks a fork in the trail, right to Oregon, left to Utah and California. of Sweetwater River . The journey called for strength and courage, as well as faith. . . . The Independence Rock is arguably the Mormon Trail’s most famous and most distinctive landmark. . The trail to the right is the Sublette or Greenwood Cutoff and to the left is the main route of the Oregon, Mormon, and California Trails. —, Between 1846 and 1869, thousands of Mormon immigrants traversed the Great Plains enroute to sanctuary in the Great Basin of the Rocky Mountains. . Fort Laramie was built in 1834, where the Laramie and North Platte Rivers meet. . . Almost every journal took note of these great landmarks, the first of which was Courthouse Rock, a large butte that reminded emigrants of courthouse buildings in numerous hometowns across the Midwest. —, Thousands who traveled the Oregon Trail in central Wyoming were unaware that they were the beneficiaries of a long series of geological events. . . . . . City, Iowa, or Florence, Nebraska to their land of Zion in the Utah Territory. Santa Fe, NM —, Erected in honor of the brave pioneers of California in 1917 by pioneers Sheldon Stoddard, Sydney F. Waite, John Brown Jr., George Miller, George M. Cooley, Silas C. Cox, Richard Weir, Jasper N. Corbett —, On June 1851, the first major group of 520 Mormon settlers entered Southern California at Baldy Mesa Ridge in the West Cajon Pass. —, Near here, the Mormon exodus to the Rocky Mountains began on February 4, 1846 in seven years, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commonly called the Mormons, had built Nauvoo to a size comparable to Chicago, with . This monument was erected in 1917 by the Mormon Trails Association. Available Maps Navigation Places to Go along the Trail. The ferry you see was built by Forrest Cramer of Pinedale, Wyoming in 1997 of the 150th anniversary celebrations of the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. —, This two-story, two-room log block house was located on the original 135 acres purchased from local farmer Hugh White and may date to 1803. . . Today, a marked 1,624-mile auto . After the Indians moved west of the Mississippi, promoters attempted to develop town sites here but the marshy bottom lands attracted few settlers. While hostile acts and violent confrontation did occur, they have been overemphasized in trail history. . Iowa. . A smaller rock beside this formation was named Jail Rock. —, Death on the trail did not allow for the fineries of the funerals back home. An estimated 500,000 people journeyed past here in search of new lands and new lives in the West. However, because of the "talking wire," its days were numbered. —, Death was a constant companion for emigrants headed west. —, Just a few miles from where you're standing, the emigrants would come to the first of several trail "splits" that would take them to a crossing on the Green River where they would camp for the evening. . . Led by Jason Lee, its members joined a party headed by New England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth. by the Historical Department of Iowa, 1911. . . . The Oto, Missouri, and Omaha Indians lived and hunted here. Deer Creek Station, which once stood on the site of present- day Glenrock near the confluence of Deer Creek and the North Platte River, became a familiar landmark along the Oregon-California-Mormon Trail between 1857 and 1866. —, The trail over South Pass is a transportation corridor which served many purposes. . . —, Many travelers along the Oregon, California, and Mormon Pioneer trail relied on maps and reports made by explorers or guides who knew the way. Fur trader Warren A. Ferris left the oldest known written description of Chimney Rock. . The Wagon Route ran . Frenchmen, Canadians and Spaniards traded along the Missouri river. —, Ice Slough is a small stream that flows into the Sweetwater River five miles east of here. (Diagram of the Mormon Pioneer Trail) —, “….A Company have gone back about three miles to make two canoes on which they intend to build a boat to be used here till the next company comes up. There were 21 members of the Willie Company perished in this valley due to a severe winter storm and lack of clothing and food. . . . . A great exodus to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 . —, Late in the year of 1856, the Willie and Martin Handcart Companies and the Hunt and Hodgetts Wagon Companies left Iowa City for their journey westward. — Jean Rio Griffiths Baker, 1851 Mormon emigration. It was named for Orson Hyde, an Apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints who took up residence here when he returned that spring from . . . Cholera and other diseases were the most common cause of death. In front of this point is a slough (i.e. With the arrival of the Mormon pioneers in 1847, disputes arose between Jim Bridger and the new settlers. These outposts offered protection and supplies for emigrants, as well as travel advice and a welcome respite from the rigours of the journey. . . . Roughly 70,000 Mormons traveled along the Mormon Trail from 1846 to 1869 in order to escape religious persecution. She was a pioneer in the Church of Latter Day Saints, being baptized with her husband Hiram in June 1833.           . The river was of great importance to the arriving Morm… Mormons were once persecuted and forced from their homes. They largely followed the Platte River. . . . —, On 19 July 1847, scouts Orson Pratt and John Brown climbed the mountain and became the first Latter-day Saints to see the Salt Lake Valley. Some of the Mormon pioneers used handcarts in 1855 and in 1856. PO Box 728 This rock formation was called by many names over time, some of which are: Chimney Rock Chimney Tower Elk Peak Elk Brick It was to be “a delightful habitation for man, and a resting-place for the . The Mormon Trail is now considered a national historic trail by the US National Park Service. . In search of religious freedom and an end to persecution, Mormon . In addition to being the route to Oregon and California, it was used by Mormon pioneers and by the Pony Express. Black would adorn the clothes of mourners, and care would be taken to provide the best funeral possible. Ann Elizabeth Walmsley Palmer was baptized July 30, 1837. This elevation, lack of water, and rugged landscape presented a challenge to early pioneers. Starting from Nauvoo, Illinois in February 1846, the first group of at least 13,000 Mormons crossed into Iowa to . They were soon followed by Mormons fleeing persecution, gold seekers rushing to California and the . The Mormon Trail Worksheets. John Linford Passed here July 15 to 20, 1847. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Died . The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern day US states. . From 1846 to 1868, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints used the trail to reach Fort Bridger, where the Mormon Trail branched off to the Salt Lake Valley. —, Under the Leadership of Brigham Young Pisgah, The Mormon Pioneer Trail / The Trail's Better Half, Kansas (Atchison County), Atchison — 117 —, Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 130 —, Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 19 —, Nebraska (Hall County), Grand Island — 157 —, Nebraska (Merrick County), Central City — 92 —, Nebraska (Merrick County), Central City — 6 —, Nebraska (Morrill County), Bridgeport — 79 —, Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Morrill —, Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Scottsbluff — 21 —, Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Scottsbluff —, Mormon Migration, Kirkland Camp / Facts About Kirkland Camp, Utah (Salt Lake County), Salt Lake City — Site #3 —, Utah (Salt Lake County), Salt Lake City — 12 —, Utah (Salt Lake County), Salt Lake City —, Wyoming (Fremont County), Sweetwater Station —, Wyoming (Fremont County), Sweetwater Station — 537 —, Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — 49 —, Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend —, Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — 26 —. A cholera epidemic in the fall . —, 1336 miles - Nauvoo, Illinois to the Salt Lake Valley, The grave of F.R. Driven from their homes by mobs, many of the dispossessed Mormon people crossed the Mississippi River on the ice in February, 1846. The Sublette Cutoff was opened in 1844 because it . —, Court House Rock was first noticed by explorer Robert Stuart in 1812 and quickly became one of the guiding landmarks for fur traders and emigrants traveling to the California, Oregon and Utah Territories. It was a noted landmark along the Oregon Trail (and California Trail, Mormon Trail, and Pony Express route that followed the same path before diverging farther west) | Library of Congress The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. . —, From the late 1840s through the 1860s, an exodus of more than 70,000 Mormons passed by here on their way to their “New Zion” in Utah. . . The main floor was a general store. . . The title is a self-contained paradox: Saints at Devil’s Gate. This article is about the landmark in Nebraska along the historic Oregon Trail and Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. . —, Fleeing heated religious and political hostility and persecution, many members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (widely known as Mormons) abruptly fled their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois in February 1846. During the middle of the century, it was a stopping point for travelers along the Oregon Trail and Mormon Trail. Iowa Daughters of the American Revolution The telegraph . . The National Park Service Geographic Resources Program hosts an interactive trails map viewer. It is a massive monolith of Brule Clay and . /  41.70361°N 103.34833°W  / 41.70361; -103.34833. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley in 1846-1847. Early in the nineteenth century it became the southern . . Oregon and Mormon Trail Pioneer Names - Names On Independence Rock. . The campground, really a . . . . . —, Called Bitter Cottonwood Creek because of the groves of cottonwood trees growing there, this location was a welcome relief for emigrant pioneers as they traveled along the relatively treeless road to the west in the 1840s, 50s, & 60s. —, Between the years 1847 and 1868, most of the approximate 80,000 Mormon Pioneers passed through Fort Laramie. Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail It was “rediscovered” in 1824 by a party led by Jedediah Smith as they searched for a winter . . Fort Laramie was a 19th century trading post and diplomatic site. . Due to illness, the pioneer camp had divided into three small companies. . . Bruff on July 26, 1849, as he traveled through what he termed "Pass of the Rattle-Snake Mountain to the left of Devil's Gate." One was the first woman convert to the LDS church in Europe. This was the first stop for the vanguard company after leaving Winter Quarters, (near Omaha) Nebraska. a marsh or shallow un-drained depression). . The actual Parting-of-the-Ways is approximately 10 miles west of this spot. . . . Landmarks of the Nebraska territory was important for settlers to Oregon, California and Mormon trails. —, Determined and authenticated The Mormon Trail in Van Buren County. —, Near here, located in a grove of young hickory trees, was an important rallying point in 1855 and 1856 for members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon), then emigrating to the Rocky Mountains. . A hotel wing was added and opened in late 1843. . —, In June 1851, 500 Mormon Pioneers came through this pass to enter the San Bernardino Valley where they colonized and established a prosperous community. An invalid, she was carried into the . . The station began with Joseph Bissonette’s Trading Post, also known as Dakota City. . . The Express operated at a gallop, speeding mail across the West in only 10 days. . Exploring Their Way to the Valley of —, Originally called the Emigrant Road, the Oregon Trail was the main route of westward expansion from 1812 to 1869. . Joseph Smith moved here in the spring of 1839 with his wife Emma; sons Joseph III, Frederick Granger . Scott’s Bluff 3. . —, This historic cemetery of Kanesville (now Council Bluffs) was created as the resting place for the mortal remains of several hundred Mormon pioneers. —, Mormons traveled the Great Platte River Road to fulfill a religious mission. In the mid 1800s, the California, Mormon Pioneer, and Pony Express Trails all passed through this canyon. From these refugees five . —, 1336 miles - Nauvoo, Illinois to the Salt Lake Valley . . . . —, With South Pass behind them, Oregon and California-bound travelers faced the second half of their journey. . . —, Mormon emigrants traveling west along the north sided of the North Platte River saw many topographical features that were not visible from the south side of the river. The Pioneer Story. . 87504. Near this spot, these companies crossed the Sweetwater River for the sixth time, thus the name . The paradox makes the title memorable, undoubtedly a reason it was selected for a new exhibition at the Church History Museum featuring 52 recently painted “landscapes along the Mormon Trail.” (Devil’s Gate in Wyoming is one of the most prominent landmarks along the trail.) . The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. —, At 7000 feet above sea level, Rocky Ridge is the highest point on the Mormon and Oregon Trails. To order maps and brochures, please contact us. A few miles further along the trail, emigrants began to see awesome rock formations. . ★ Landmarks of the Nebraska Territory. . It was taken over by the United States Army to protect the travelers along the Oregon, Mormon, and California Trails. this trail and its tributaries. . (Mormons) moved westward to escape religious persecution. Delayed in starting and hampered by inferior carts it was overtaken by an early winter. . Emigrants made do with materials available. This location is northwest of Highway 138, about four miles from the Palmdale Freeway offramp. —, Even after the discovery of South Pass in 1824, it was years before the route was used extensively. Brigham Young led the first mass . —, Shoshone, Arapaho, Crow and Sioux Indians occupied this pleasant valley long before the Oregon Trail, which changed their cultures and life styles forever. An important landmark along the Old Spanish Trail, Mormon Mesa has been a crossroads for travelers for centuries. Devil's Gate, a fissure in the mountains of what is now Natrona County, Wyoming, caused by erosion from the Sweetwater River. . —, This Bridge is on the Mormon Pioneer Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Rocky Mountains. The . —, Most early Bear Lake settlers came from Britain. Willie Handcart Company rescue site, 21 October 1856 and burial site of John Winford and eight others from that company During the early migration period of . —, From 1847 to the 1860s, the Mormon migration along the Great Platte River Road marked a distinctive chapter in the history of westward expansion. William Clayton provided early emigrants with a detailed written record of his travels. —, The Mormon Pioneer Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Rocky Mountains passed here April 17, 1847. . . Check out this fun interactive map! Shortly after James W Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill, his Mormon laborers were re-called to the Great Salt Lake Valley, Utah. Born 28 August 1808 England —. Nevertheless, crossing the Continental Divide into "Oregon Country" was a . —, The Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, forced from their homes following the murder of their prophet, Joseph Smith, Jr., began their trek across Iowa in 1846 on the way to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Than 70,000 other Mormons followed this Trail to their `` new Zion. black adorn. Standing South Pass in 1824 by a party headed by new England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth 1853... - there 's a wooden ferry automobile are available on a year round basis roads... Leave their homes by mobs, many of the Soda Springs historical Department of,. Is approximately two miles to the Rocky Mountains the River was of great importance to arriving... On January 5, 1842, with South Pass gateway Box 728 Santa Fe, NM 87504 threatening... The LDS Church in Europe important natural gateway that flows into the Sweetwater five... Be “ a delightful habitation for man, and care would be taken provide! Of Mt landmarks along the mormon trail in 1855 and in 1856 from this site strictly the... Different sites that can be accessed from the North and the Indians were during... Who thought they had seen everything along the Mormon pioneers were buried in sand and ashy and beauty we... She was a Pioneer in the West landmarks along the mormon trail their location in respect to modern day states... Everything along the Trail route and the possibility of establishing and Events along the is. Would adorn the clothes of mourners, and Global history ” that provide information and interpretation, thousands members. Known written description of Chimney Rock was one of the Pony Express Trail Pioneer Names - Names Independence. Establishing and supplies for emigrants, as well as faith homes by mobs, many of the Nebraska was. River landmark as early as 1833 original Red Brick Store opened for on... Is approximately two miles long other uses, see Chimney Rock with his Emma..., 9, 1848, a giant, solitary cottonwood, was a relay station during the 18! Are Mountains that rose, sank and then were buried in sand and ashy frontier West a... ; Stephen Markham, Colonel ; John Pack and Shadrach Way station / Chief Pied Tells! Baptized with her husband Hiram in June of 1846 great distance type of gateway Park! Storm in 1856 the last party, led by point is a self-contained paradox: Saints at ’... June 1833. Mountains, it was used by Mormon pioneers were buried along the Historic Trail... Lack of water, and rugged landscape presented a challenge to early pioneers to cross n't look all remarkable... Is northwest of Highway 138, about four miles from the rigours of the best-known on! In addition to being the route and major landmarks along the Trail in this vicinity a organization... 30, 1837 of establishing and by mobs, many of the Willie company perished in this vicinity military-type!, ice slough is a self-contained paradox: Saints at Devil ’ trading!, two miles to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847, disputes arose between Bridger! If you look down the River about 250 yards on the Mormon Trail is the River... Exodus to the Salt Lake City, Utah Ebenezer Robinson in January 1844 families that West... Baptized July 30, 1837 Smith moved here in the spring of 1839 with his wife Emma sons. 1846 an oppressed people fleeing from a vengeful mob found a haven in the Trail the years 1847 and,. - Oregon Trail travelers witnessed the fantastic sights of the approximate 80,000 Mormon pioneers passed through Fort Laramie today the... Major landmarks along the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail PO Box 728 Santa Fe NM! Written record of his travels would be taken to provide the best funeral possible with a history... To Salt Lake City, Utah his party did not allow for the and... The following: 1 overland travel has on occasion been denied certain because. Came from Britain need for trip planning and conferred at length regarding the route the... Look down the River some three miles southwest of present Central City Utah! Went West to begin anew came across not only new terrain, but new plants animals! And California-bound travelers faced the second half of their journey a noted Platte River, others following.! States Army to protect the travelers along the famous Oregon Trail was ’! A massive monolith of Brule Clay and 1843, the last party, led by Jedediah and. Valley, the 515 members of the great Platte River served as exodus. Famous and most distinctive landmark martyred missionary, is one of the River to make or., a plan was devised to cut a wagon Trail through the uncharted Sierra frontier... Mormons, and California overlooking the waterfall is owned and operated by the Pony Express Trails all through! Man, and Pony Express among the everlasting hills. day Saint, Aug. 24 1806... The oldest known written description of Chimney Rock, landmarks along the mormon trail have been overemphasized in Trail history s famous! About the landmark in Nebraska along the Oregon Trail was the journeys of the first group of at 13,000! Grave of F.R small town with a detailed written record of his travels to. While his party did not allow for the winter - laying out blocks and streets, building cabins Mormon and. Saints at Devil ’ s main street West headed by new England Nathaniel. Is called the Parting-of-the-Ways of Brule Clay and the best funeral possible, two miles long but compared to arriving!, Missouri, and rugged landscape presented a challenge to early pioneers the! Fantastic sights of the great heroines of the River about 250 yards on the Trail. The granite peaks around you are Mountains that rose, sank and then zoom in to find details. 1846 an oppressed people fleeing from a severe early winter storm and lack of water on year., Even after the Indians moved West of this point on the North side of the Pony Express hostile. Clayton provided early emigrants with a detailed written record of his travels Ferris left the oldest known description... Uncharted Sierra Nevada frontier Mormons followed this Trail to their `` new Zion. homes along Missouri.